The HIV and AIDS epidemic presents South Africans with tremendous challenges. Too many people (adults and children) have been infected and many people have died. The South African Government recognised the seriousness of the HIV and AIDS epidemic and its impact on the country. Hence partnerships and joint efforts were noted as critical points in addressing the challenges brought by HIV and AIDS and also reversing the epidemic. The South African National AIDS Council (SANAC) was formed to strengthen the strong political leadership as well as to ensure inclusion of civil society in the overall response to HIV and AIDS. The Council is composed of both government and civil society organisations.